Marshall Plan To Save Power Crisis-Ravaged Euro

Marshall Plan To Save Power Crisis-Ravaged Euro

The Syriza coalition in Greece is facing obstacles just months after it took power in January. These include an intransigent European Central Bank and an unyielding European Council. In particular, the ECB rejected Greek proposals to short-term bridge finance to give more time for negotiations of medium and longer-term structural reforms. We are once again on the brink of crisis, as Greece and its creditors struggle for a deal before the June deadline. With the possibility of Greece’s exiting the eurozone, this is a real possibility.

The Atlantic seems to be in need of little help as well. Yanis Varoufakis was on a trip to Washington earlier in the month. Neither the International Monetary Fund nor the US government provided much assistance, hope, or new ideas.

As it turns out, Europe has a solution: The European Investment Bank (EIB) is the largest lender in the world that is backed by more countries than one. The EIB should make vital infrastructure investments, such as roads and schools, to help not only the economy of Greece sink but all other countries in the Continent that are also suffering from recession. This could stimulate private investment and revitalize Europe, thereby ending the cycle of crisis after crisis.

Not only for Greece, but for Europe and the global economy as a whole, time is running out. In the end, Greece’s default may not be as bad as letting a good crisis pass by. We don’t want to miss the opportunity to solve a euro-related problem.

Flawed Right From The Power Beginning

Since the 1960s, both American and European pundits have pointed power out that a euro-based monetary union without federalism (as opposed to the formation of a United States of Europe) was flawed. The 1992 Maastricht Treaty, which created the European Union, set out strict fiscal targets and no central fiscal authority. This gave rise to the structural imbalances that today are the root of the problems. This made it more likely that financial and fiscal crises would occur, especially after the Economic and Monetary Union was establish seven years later.

These observations may be true but there are no easy ways to fix bad history or build federalism in a crisis. It is difficult to pool resources (excessive savings) in Europe and put them in other areas where they are most needed. While sharing the burdens between member states, it is impossible to have federalism. This requires a fiscal federalism that combines common borrowing and tax policies with money transfers between regions.

Investments Can Bring About Growth Power

There are still ways to alleviate some of the problems in the EU’s depressed economy, even if its institutional design is flawed. While we are often focusing on the back-and-forth between Germany and Greece, it is easy to forget about the existence of EIB, which is the European Union’s central bank. The EIB’s shareholders are the 28 EU member countries. It was establish to help the region achieve it policy goals. Makes small loans to the private sector, but primarily today it is a relatively small institution.

It could also expand its operations and lend to public investment. The EIB can mobilize idle savings across Europe and other parts of the world to boost productivity, growth, and employment via public and private investments. It could also increase aggregate demand, which is a fancy way of saying grow the overall economy.

It could be use in conjunction with the ECB’s quantitative easing programme, which involves purchasing certain types of bonds to lower interest rates. The EIB could issue euro bonds that are back by all member states, and the ECB might purchase some. This would bring new money to the system and the central bank’s guarantee could encourage private savers buy more of these euro bonds.

EIB Working On A Plan To Move

Although the European Fund for Strategic Investments is still being ratified, it is expect that it will support investment of around 315 billion euro (US$343 trillion) mainly from private sources. It is a good start. Greece does not require that much. Even a few billion euros in investment projects at this stage will be a boost to the bank. Future commitments will increase credibility and stability, which will attract private investment later.

The EIB needs a capital increase to 750 billion euros, or even a trillion. This would be an increase from its current 243 billion euro capitalization. This would enable it to borrow more money and invest trillions more. This could be the financial foundation for a Europe-wide program of investment and creation of jobs, beginning with the most vulnerable areas like Spain and Greece. Germany must be the economic engine of Europe and play a key role here.

The Multiplier Effect Power

Next, choose the projects that have the highest multiplier power effects and greatest potential to create jobs in economically distressed areas. This could done in Spain, Portugal, Italy, Spain and Portugal. Public sector investment is crucial to achieve this. My research, both in my own capacity and with others in the field of public finance and related fields, has led me to a positive theoretical conclusion that’s been supported by empirical evidence. In depressed economies, private investors wait for the public sector to invest in infrastructure before they follow suit.

Private and public investments can be combined in most cases to create multiplicative effects on growth, employment, and spending. Our research showed that both multilateral and Japanese bilateral assistance had ripple effects. Public investments in roads and infrastructure resulted in ripple effects that doubled, or even tripled, the initial investment. Similar effects can also be seen in the investment in schools, which in turn leads to an increase in employment.

A Marshall Plan For A New Era

Europe could start with an experiment that matches public investment with money from private sector. The EIB would expect that every euro spent would increase overall output by two to threefold. If the program was successful, we could continue it with a more ambitious plan to create a 21st century version of the European Recovery Program (better known as the Marshall Plan).

This four-year, $47 billion program was designed to revitalize Europe after the war in Europe. It is also necessary for Europe now that it is facing crisis. Europe must show more economic and financial imagination to avoid the worsening crises. That will follow if it continues on its current course. It also needs to be bold to create a better future.

There are many other constructive steps that can follow the proposed EIB growth-through-investment idea. These crucial discussions should be attended by both progressive economists and political-economists around the world. The future of Europe and in a real sense global prosperity may hinge on the actions. Taken in Europe over the next few months.

Whole Lot Richer Because Of Trade With Europe

Whole Lot Richer Because Of Trade With Europe

Donald Trump recently challenged the US Europe alliance’s long-term value. He said that the European Union was his biggest foe. It is what they do in trade. This is consistent with his recent anti-trade with Europe views, but it ignores the enormous benefits that Americans have reaped from the strong economic and militarily allied U.S. with Europe benefits which include nothing less that unprecedented peace and prosperity.

Trump’s trade war against Europe and his hostility towards broader Western alliances like NATO point to a future where there will be lower standards of living. This is directly due to less trade and more conflict, which indirectly results from reduced economic integration. Robert Kagan, columnist, said that things won’t be okay.

My research has focused on the effects of increasing international trade on U.S. living standards. I have shown that these causally connected during the latter 20th century. The U.S. Europe relationship dominated most of the trade during this period.

Trump calls Europe a foe and makes it clear that he doesn’t get why rich countries trade with each other. This is something that economists have struggled with for years.

Why Rich Europe Countries Trade

Although it may seem obvious that the U.S. trades with Europe some people might prefer Parmigiana from Italy while others prefer Wisconsin cheddar economists struggled to explain why so much trade took place among wealthy countries. They thought that the U.S. could produce high quality cheese at a price comparable to Italian producers, so why would they need to travel to satisfy their palates?

Paul Krugman, an economist, provided a clear answer in 1979 that would ultimately win him the Nobel Prize for Economics. His first answer was simple, but it is important. It boils down to the idea that consumers can benefit from having many product options available to them even though they may be small variations of the same item.

Exports Were Machinery Europe

In 2016, the top U.S. exports were machinery ($29.4billion), aircraft ($38.5billion) and pharmaceutical products ($26.4billion). Machines ($64.9 billion), drugs ($55.2 billion), and vehicles ($54.6 trillion are the top three imports from EU. While the product categories are similar, there are significant differences in the types and prices of the machinery and pharmaceuticals that are sold on each market. All these options are available to consumers, which is a benefit for them.

Krugman answered the second part of Krugman’s question by saying that by producing for both markets companies in Europe or the U.S. would be able to reap greater economies of production and lower prices. This is what happens when countries trade. Recent research also shows that domestic prices can be lower due to increased foreign competition.

These benefits can be quantified. The gains the U.S. received from lower prices and new product varieties over the period 1992-2005 was about one percent of the U.S. GDP, or approximately $100 billion. Krugman’s response emphasized how international trade among equals can increase the size of the economic pie. The combined economies of Europe and the U.S. has accounted for half of the global GDP.

Largest Trading Partner

Since the 1970s, the United States largest trading partner is the European Union in terms of bilateral trade. The U.S. imported $592billion in goods and services from Europe in 2016, and exported $501billion. This represents 19% of U.S. total trade, and 19% of American GDP.

One of the key features of this trade is that nearly a third of it occurs within individual companies. It is essentially multinational companies selling products to their local markets or as inputs to local production. This trade is vital as it supports hundreds of thousands of jobs and serves as the backbone for a vast network on both sides. It’s also a network that drives the global economy: almost every country in the world has a primary trading partner in the EU or the U.S.

First Without Europe America Union Anniversary

First Without Europe America Union Anniversary

March 25th marks the 60th anniversary for the founding of the European Union. This treaty is a key pillar of the structure that was establish in the wake of World War II. In order to consolidate peace, prosperity, and partnership in Europe.

The EU and its predecessors have been an important U.S. partner over the past 60 years. They have helped to increase economic opportunities for American companies in Europe. And also provided vital diplomatic and foreign aid to solve international problems. The United States would look to create the EU if it didn’t exist. This is to preserve peace and promote prosperity on a continent that has suffered two terrible world wars.

Recent events have seen the EU face a number of existential threats. The euro crisis has impacted its financial health, and economic growth has slowed. U.K. voters chose to leave the union, and euro skeptics in France. And the Netherlands criticize Brussels in order to win elections. Some Americans reacted with cheers to Brexit, even in the United States.

Based on many years of experience as policymakers, diplomats and researchers on transatlantic matters. The bottom line is that the U.S. requires a strong economic partnership. With Europe in order to improve its economic well-being and resolve vexing regional and international issues. Washington would be wise not to forget that such a partnership is much. More difficult to maintain without the EU’s single voice.

Peace And Prosperity Are Our Union Goals

The United States efforts to rebuild Europe through the Marshall Plan and stop the spread communism after World War II, may have prevent the EU from being create.

U.S. Secretary George Marshall and U.S. President Harry Truman agreed 70 years ago that Europe needed to build interdependent and competitive economies to ensure peace and prosperity. These American efforts led to the creation of what we now call the European Union.

It has worked. The EU, whether it is through the European Council or the European Commission, has contributed to the stability and economic competition between democratic countries on the continent

Because it create rules and norms that allow businesses to be done across all member states, the EU’s single market has brought unprecedent wealth. After the fall of the Iron Curtain, the EU was a vehicle that allow Central Europe to be include in the EU’s single market. It is still a magnet for those who wish to join the EU.

The EU has grown seven times faster than it was in 1957, when six countries had 186 million inhabitants. Now there are 28 countries with 515million citizens. In fact, the combined EU economy is more than the United States and ranks second in the world after China.

The Economic Ties That Unite

It is important to acknowledge the value that has been created by the European Union’s single market and other initiatives, even if you view it from an America first perspective.

Today, the transatlantic economy is responsible for US$5.5 trillion in commercial sales per year and has up to 15,000,000 workers on both sides. They are the largest and most wealthy market in the world combined, driven by both investment and trade.

About 60 percent of America’s total foreign assets is located in Europe. The 2015 sales in Europe by U.S. companies’ EU units topped $3.1 trillion. Their assets in Europe are estimated at $15.7 trillion. Over 70% of the $3.1 trillion spent in the U.S. by EU units in 2015 was accounted for by Europe, and assets from the U.S. estimated to be $8.4 trillion are attributed to Europe. The Atlantic trade in goods has nearly doubled since 2000. It reached $686 billion in 2016. 45 states also export more goods to Europe than to China.

A deeply integrated economic relationship like this one should allow for greater economic cooperation. The U.S. should encourage the EU to make the necessary steps to stimulate economic growth.

Let’s forge a new economic agreement if the Trump administration is interested in addressing the U.S.-EU trade deficit. Before the US elections, the EU and the U.S. tried to reach an agreement through the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership. We believe that a strong trade agreement between the partners could create new opportunities for both sides of the Atlantic. However, the agreement is still in place.

Together, We Can Tackle Problems

The EU is an important partner for the United States in international issues and is vital as a source fund to support humanitarian and development needs in nearly every corner of the globe. This is especially important if the U.S. plans to decrease its aid spending.

In 2015, the EU and its member countries provided more than $87 billion in official assistance for development. This is 55.7 percent. Similar numbers are available for the United States at $31 billion or 23.6 per cent.

It is true that the EU’s complex institutional structure can slow down decision-making. This becomes even more difficult when the EU’s competencies and authority conflict with the member states, such as in the fight against terrorism and dealing with refugees. This has been improved by the EU, which established union a high representative to represent members in various regional situations. For example, the EU has been an active partner in Ukraine, Iran and the Middle East.

The EU remains a stronger partner in foreign policy for the U.S. than it was in the past, despite its shortcomings. The United States would be much more burdened if the EU didn’t provide significant resources to assist with humanitarian crises, manage the fallout from terror attacks, and boost the prospects of peace and stability for countries like Ukraine.